ON INTEGRALISM AND LIBERALISM
Led by R. J. Snell
This intersession seminar, for Princeton undergraduate and graduate students, explores current debates on integralism and liberalism.
We will try to understand the nature of the common good, political freedom, and why liberalism seems defunct to some. What is the proper relationship between church and state? Is a secular stance neutral regarding the goods of human life, or necessarily atheistic? This controversy is a live one among many, especially younger thinkers, and has implications for conceptions of freedom, morality, religion, family, authority, and more.
FINDING LIFE'S MEANING: ON WORK AND VOCATION
Led by R. J. Snell
What is the point of work? An income? Prestige? Meaning? To better the world? Would we be better off if we didn’t need to work, or is labor a constituent aspect of the good life?
Many consider their work as closely related to their identity and purpose, as linked to a sense of self-worth. If that’s true—and not everything thinks it is—then finding “good” work is related to a good life. Moreover, if our work and our identity relate, some work might not be “right” for you, even if it might be right for someone else. Or, perhaps this is all overblown and it doesn’t much matter what one does, it’s just a job, after all.
This Fall seminar launches a theme for the year—Finding Life’s Meaning—in which we consider the nature and meaning of work, with a follow-up spring seminar on the meaning of vocation—and how to discover one’s vocation.
FACING LIFE'S CHALLENGES: LONELINESS AND SOLITUDE
Led by R. J. Snell
Loneliness has been described by some as an “epidemic,” with severe consequences for health, flourishing, and political society. Further, despite the flurry of literature and studies on the subject, the evidence indicates that loneliness is growing, including for college students—and not just for freshmen who haven’t yet found friends on campus.
Loneliness is strange. As Olivia Laing puts it in The Lonely City, which must have hit a cultural nerve since it was named a best book of the year by NPR, Newsweek, Slate, Pop Sugar, Marie Claire, Elle, Publishers Weekly, and others, “loneliness doesn’t necessarily require physical solitude, but rather an absence or paucity of connection, closeness, kinship: an inability, for one reason or another, to find as much intimacy as desired.” Yet, as she continues, even though so many are lonely, many pretend not to be, for “loneliness is difficult to confess,” especially since it’s sometimes (wrongly) “considered a disease.”
But loneliness doesn’t seem to be a pathology, not even a transient experience; rather, it seems part of the human condition, part of what it means to be human. Ben Lazare Mijuskovic claims not only that loneliness is an aspect of having consciousness and personal identity, but that the attempt to overcome loneliness is the primary motivation for everything we do. Classical philosophers claimed that we sought happiness in every action, but Mijuskovic thinks we’re trying to escape our solitary confinement.
This Fall seminar launches one theme for the year—Facing Life’s Challenges—in which we consider loneliness and solitude in the fall, a lack of social and political trust and capital during Intersession, and a spring seminar on suffering and loss. Human flourishing isn’t an abstraction but a concrete reality, and thus it will be found right in the middle our lives, lives which are sometimes hard, lonely, and difficult—and, yet, flourishing is still possible.
Like all Witherspoon seminars, we’ll read important texts—classic and contemporary—not out of curiosity or simply to learn, but in the attempt to find wisdom, to know how best to live and think and act so as to live well and flourish. And we try to seek for wisdom collegially, with friends of the mind, with any point of view considered.
THE DEFEAT OF WORDS: ON LYRIC POETRY
Led by Maura Shea
“I don’t know how to explain it.”
“I just couldn’t put it into words.”
“I have no words.”
Most of us have felt our poverty in relationship to language sometime in our lives, perhaps rather frequently. Maybe it’s while writing a paper for a class. Maybe it’s in trying to express how we feel about someone dear to us. Maybe we’ve resorted to emojis when our fingers fail to find just the right phrase to text.
What does poetry have to do with this experience?
Emily Dickinson advises us, “Tell all the truth but tell it slant.” There is something about lyric poems—often short, personal, oblique, intense—and the way they seek to tell the “truth” about experience in a “slanted,” sometimes disorienting manner—that refreshes our experience of language, of others, of being itself. Lyric poetry invites a unique kind of response from us that other modes of language do not, and puts into words the kinds of human experiences that other modes of language cannot.
People sometimes struggle to read poetry or to find pleasure in it because of past experiences of being forced to “analyze” it convincingly or come up with some kind of intelligent interpretation of it. Some are frustrated with poetry’s lack of practicality—what is it for, we wonder? Some are put off by its resistance to clear explanation—it is unnecessarily confusing, we complain. “I, too, dislike it,” Marianne Moore memorably begins her poem aptly titled “Poetry.”
This seminar proposes a friendly, exploratory engagement with lyric poetry in hopes that, by contending with its unique demands together, we might cultivate habits of attention that help us read ourselves and the world around us better. We may even discover language that does some justice to our experiences of loneliness, gratitude, wonder—as one poet has noted: “It is by words and the defeat of words” that we learn to read the world anew.
SMALL VIRTUES, BIG LIVES: ON MEANING-FULLNESS
Led by R. J. Snell
In our time many are hesitant about seriousness. We value spontaneity and irony more than seriousness. Aren’t serious people likely to be dogmatists or fundamentalists, people serious about things that many people can no longer take very seriously? Aren’t many people agnostic about the “big stories” of meaning that seriousness assumes? Are agnostics or others suspicious of seriousness unable to live full lives, and in what ways can those who remain committed to the “old” seriousness share virtue with existential agnostics? Many, not all, such agnostics have turned to notions such as “the practices of everyday life,” “the school of life,” or “the art of living” in order to imbue their daily lives with a sense of purpose or beauty that they no longer find in traditional ideas of transcendence, religion, living according to nature, citizenship, or humanism.
In other words, should serious people also be serious about the everyday practices, not only because they are part of living well, but also as a place of contact and accompaniment with existential agnostics? Perhaps, even, as a way to show how the small virtues point beyond themselves to something bigger, something the tradition took with utter seriousness?
GOD, LOVE, AND LAW: A CONVERSATION
Led by Luis Tellez
Luis Tellez, founder and president of the Witherspoon Institute, will lead this seminar using his recently published book, Integrating God+Love+Law Into Your Life, a brief but profound guide to living an examined and fulfilling life. Drawing from thirty years of experience helping Princeton students navigate life in the Orange Bubble and beyond, Tellez returns to lead the academic year seminars, which he began in the Fall of 2013. Eschewing the third person, Tellez’s book demands that you frame the great questions in life with immediacy, asking not ‘How should one live one’s life?’ but rather ‘How should I live my life?’ Over the course of this seminar, Tellez will argue that the key to a well-lived life is attaining an understanding of ‘love’ and ‘law.’
HEROES AND SAINTS: MYTHS AND LEGENDS
Led by José Pérez-Benzo
‘I want a hero: an uncommon want.’ Though ours is an age suspicious of the very notion of heroism, this seminar will argue that human nature contains within itself an ineradicable desire for heroes. We will examine heroism not primarily as a concept in the abstract, but rather we will witness how people both historical and fictional have embodied the concept of heroism in history. Alexander the Great and Julius Caesar, Augustine and Abelard, Cesare Borgia and Thomas More—these figures and many others we will study both exemplified and shaped their respective communities and cultures, simultaneously illustrating both how heroism changed from the Ancient to the Medieval to the Modern periods and how the need for heroes endured despite such changes. Through readings taken from Homer and Plato, Plutarch and Cicero, Machiavelli and More, we will survey the present day in search of heroes who reflect and shape our contemporary world. Everyone has heroes. It behooves us to know who our heroes are, because we become that which we admire.
THE ART OF FRIENDSHIP
Led by José Pérez-Benzo
True to its name, this seminar aims to treat friendship not as a theory but as an art, identifying the particular set of practices and actions associated with the classical ideal of friendship and seeking to embody them in our own lives. While we will devote some initial discussion to the philosophy of friendship, as beautifully laid out in Michael Pakaluk’s elegant anthology Other Selves: Philosophers on Friendship, the bulk of the discussion will turn on such questions as: How do I make friends? How do I tell a flatter from a friend? How do I befriend people who do not share my values? Is it ever appropriate to dissolve a friendship, and if so how? How do I maintain friendships across distances? This seminar will seek to address these vexing questions about the art of friendship by viewing art in a twofold sense as both craft and culture. Viewing the art of friendship through the lens of culture by appreciating depictions of friendship in poetry and prose, in painting and in sculpture, will bring into sharper focus the craft of friendship in our own lives. It is the goal of this seminar to form and foster friendships, with Virgil and Dante, Roland and Oliver, Rosalind and Celia, Francis and Clare, Tolkein and Lewis, and dozens more as guides.
PASSION AND FREEDOM: C. S. LEWIS AND THE ABOLITION OF MAN
Led by R. J. Snell
In The Abolition of Man, now a minor classic, C.S. Lewis explores the importance of our emotions in living well, and the moral realism required to order out passions and emotions in reasonable ways. He also suggests—correctly or incorrectly?–that our current forms of education tend to disorder the passions, turning us into “men without chests.” If it’s not enough to simply think rightly, how do we go about feeling rightly?
ON BECOMING SOMEBODY: ATTACHMENT AND RESPONSIBILITY
Led by R. J. Snell
Many of us expect a life of mobility, moving from one opportunity to the next, always in search of something better. Of course, this often does lead to new and better opportunities and can be very good—but it also can come at a cost, including a loss of a sense of home or place. In this seminar, we consider the freedom of being able to live “anywhere” in distinction to the obligations and rootedness of staying put, or settling “somewhere.” How do we live wisely and well when we’re very likely to be moving soon?
ADDITIONAL PAST TOPICS
• Rhetoric: Living Well and Speaking Well
• Incommensurability and the Final End
• Ambition: Intellectual, Moral, Political
• Christianity, Open-Mindedness, and the Intellectual Virtues